Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. It is marketed under the trade names Furadan, by FMC Corporation and Curater, among several others. Furadan, Bay , Curaterr, D , ENT , Yaltox, Furacarb (25). Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by. Toxicological Characteristics Current available acute toxicological studies on carbofuran show the following: Acute oral toxicity: rat, LD50 mg/kg;.
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Kenya is considering banning carbofuran,  but it is legal to buy over-the-counter in Kenya. With this change, carbofuran usage in the US would be allowed only on corn, potatoes, pumpkins, sunflowers, pine seedlings and spinach grown for seed.
Asoxime chloride Methoxime Vuradan Pralidoxime Trimedoxime bromide.
Bacillus thuringiensis Baculovirus Beauveria bassiana Beauveria brongniartii Metarhizium acridum Metarhizium anisopliae Nomuraea rileyi Lecanicillium lecanii Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Paenibacillus popilliae Purpureocillium lilacinum. It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Section of the U.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Before the granular form was banned by U.
Chemical Research in Toxicology. The company took action to stop the sale of this product and instituted a buy-back program in East Africa when it was determined that the illegal and intentional misuse of chemicals against wildlife could not be controlled by education or stewardship programs alone.
This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphidswhich have expanded their range since to include most soybean-growing regions of the U. However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported that impacts human health and well-being.
Demecarium Fasciculins green mamba toxins 1234 Onchidal Onchidella binneyi Methanesulfonyl fluoride Unsorted: Chlorantraniliprole Cyantraniliprole Flubendiamide Ryanodine Ryanodol. Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxic to birds. The liquid version of the pesticide is less hazardous to birds since they are not as likely to ingest it directly, but it is still very hazardous.
Archived from the original on Views Read Edit View history. Toxicology mechanisms and methods. Carbofuran has one of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic.
Due to nonregistration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops not listed in the Dangerous Substances Act of Thailandvegetables with residues of methomylcarbofuran, dicrotophosand EPN were taken off supermarket shelves in July Retrieved 7 September Acetylcholine metabolism and transport modulators.
Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 87 ed. Carbofuran is banned in Canada and the European Union. Carbofuran also has contact activity against pests.
Highly soluble in Todicity, dimethylformamidedimethyl sulfoxideacetoneacetonitrilemethylene chloridecyclohexanonebenzeneand xylene . Secondary poisoning of eagles following intentional poisoning of coyotes with anticholinesterase pesticides in Western Canada.
Retrieved from ” https: Birds often eat numerous grains of the pesticide, mistaking them for seeds, and then die shortly thereafter.
carbofuran (Furadan) Chemical Fact Sheet 6/84
The technical or chemical name of carbofuran is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl methylcarbamate and its CAS number is In Kenyafarmers are using carbofuran to kill lions and other predators. Other names Furadan, Curater, Furacarb. Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40 2: Carbofuran has been illegally used to intentionally poison toxicit not only in the US, Canada and Great Britain; poisoned wildlife have included coyotes, kites, golden eagles and buzzards.
The main global producer is the FMC Corporation.